Can a divorce agreement be authorised in a court abroad be recognized and valid in Israel?By: דיאנה שאלתיאל•Published on: 10 May, 2022
In principle, yes. The Foreign Judgment Enforcement Act of 1958 lays down the procedure and conditions for recognizing and enforcing civil judgments given abroad – within five years from when they were granted.
Israel will only recognize and enforce a foreign judgment if it is from a country which recognizes Israel’s judgments. A foreign judgment covering divorce, child custody, maintenance, visitation rights and property can be recognized and enforced here , but not necessarily at the same court, due to jurisdictional rules. Regarding American Jews, for example divorce judgment can only be recognized and validated at a rabbinical court, which has exclusive jurisdiction over matters of marriage and divorce, but a family court could enforce the judgment relating to the other issues.